IT outsourcing companies are constantly on the lookout for professionals that specialise in software development – from UI designers to programmers. Java developers are one such requirement, especially as customised software steadily becomes a norm across smaller businesses, irrespective of industry/specialty. With competition heightening across the digital landscape, businesses are scrambling to stay relevant, especially with the proliferation of content across myriad digital channels that leave their customers spoilt for choice.
Ensuring a digital presence (be it over the web or on mobile) is essential for businesses to deliver excellence, so customers are encouraged to engage as well as remain loyal within a consumer landscape that is abundant with an endless array of options. Choosing the right software development skill set is therefore a make-or-break situation (more or less), as business teams need to be closely aligned in order to meet objectives without delay.
As a programming language that has been around for approximately 3 decades, Java has all the characteristics necessary to build an application that is fast, reliable and free from errors. As a result, technology outsourcing companies are keen to hire Java developers for a variety of needs that range from custom software development, to AI/machine learning use cases.
In this article, we cover the basics of Java, as well as some popular Java frameworks that businesses can familiarise themselves with, before considering potential Java developer candidates for their custom software or application development project.
Java is an object-oriented programming language that has become the bedrock of numerous digital applications since its release in 1995. From custom software to video games, Java presents a Write Once Run Anywhere (WORA) system that makes it convenient for developers to build applications that can run across any platform.
With more than 3 billion devices powered by Java today, its familiarity to C++ and C# further delivers versatility to developers who are looking to learn multiple programming languages. A comprehensive environment that features frameworks previously built and honed by other developers can offer those that are new to Java web development the tools they need to configure functionalities with minimal effort.
Thanks to unmatched flexibility, easy syntax and an object-oriented approach, Java has been compatible for processing big data sets, as well as powering smart devices as part of IoT.
At the very top of the EFutures Java frameworks list, Spring is a Java framework that is also based on programming languages Groovy and Kotlin, thereby making it a very useful foundation for building web and mobile applications alike – especially Android. Spring takes care of configuration intricacies so that developers can focus on the strategic and analytical aspects of coding, helping minimise complexity as well as effort.
With top software companies in UK undertaking software development projects that demand ongoing maintenance, Java frameworks like Spring facilitate easy, fast and accurate coding thanks to a wide range of libraries, templates and microservices that virtually feature a plug-and-play approach.
Quarkus is another popular Java framework that closely integrates with Kubernetes. Featuring a framework that is built to work with GraalVM and the Java HotSpot virtual machine, Quarkus is bound to be a valuable skill set when hiring Java developers, as its deep compatibility can widen your talent pool to help select the ideal candidate.
Being a full-stack and open-source framework that offers ease and convenience for developers of all skill levels, Quarkus additionally delivers optimum value through its comprehensive range of libraries and extensions. Its full-stack nature makes it resourceful for any application development project as well, thereby making it a Java framework that offers multi-purpose abilities.
Compatible with Kotlin, Groovy as well as Java, Micronaut’s Ahead-of-Time (AoT) compilation delivers record speed for startup and memory usage. This makes Micronaut a great option for applications that are based on microservices and serverless architecture. The multilingual framework offers a wide range of SDKs, libraries and toolkits that even novice developers can make maximum use of, to build a range of applications that need little to no lag when booting and processing requests.
What’s more, unit testing becomes easier with Micronaut, as servers can be configured quickly and easily in order to facilitate the same.
Ideal for building responsive web applications, Apache Struts, although a more older Java framework, deserves recognition on this list owing to its evolution through the years. Offering development that’s based on an MVC architecture, Apache Struts leverages ultimate ease for developers thanks to convention over configuration, where technicalities pertaining to logic and configuration are automatically decided by the framework. Just like other top Java frameworks, Apache Struts is also open-source and completely free to use.
An extensive set of libraries and templates from a long-standing duration spanning over 2 decades further offers developers all the resources they need to build quality code – some of which may need minimal writing from scratch. The MVC architecture also contributes to overall ease in building and deploying applications, as components can be changed, reused and tested as and when needed, without negatively impacting other areas of the application.
Grails is a Java framework that is based on the Groovy programming language. Based on Java-style syntax, Groovy is easy to learn for developers who are already familiar with Java. Grails is highly suitable for building scalable web applications, thanks to a range of plugins and a ‘coding by convention’ framework system.
Coding by convention enables developers to focus on application requirements and parameters, while configurations and requests are taken care of by other elements functioning within the framework. Additionally, GORM integration with Grails allows developers to build applications that are highly dependent on data from relational and non-relational databases, thereby offering a wide range of capabilities in order to build powerful web applications.
Java has been around for a significant period of time, mainly owing to its highly versatile capabilities that consist of (but aren’t limited to) complete compilation prior to runtime, an object-oriented programming approach, and a platform-independent compatibility. These capabilities have made Java the go-to programming language for highly complex web and mobile applications, including IoT and AI-powered data analytics.
With leading frameworks such as Angular and Google Web Toolkit (GWT), Java developers have all the resources they need to get started smoothly, as extensive libraries and frameworks further propel ease when it comes to coding. Additionally, outsourcing Java developers is an option that can drive greater value and cost efficiency, as software outsourcing companies are home to expert talent that is recruited without any geographical constraints.
Delivering full compilation before runtime and the ability to process data on a granular level, Java continues to remain as a programming language of choice for developers new and seasoned, as well as a viable option for businesses that wish to build applications that need to meet high-volume and intricate demands.